Role of Texture and Color in Interior Design

A medium denotes an agent, a mean, a tool to be used.

Interior design (noun) is the result of a compositional effect that a given space gives.

Interior design (verb) is what an individual who arranges component in space does.

Color and texture in interior design (noun) sense, are not a mean (tool), but an end (effect) in itself. They don't just drive one to meet an objective in a given space but they ARE part of the space.

The similarity between color and texture:-

1. Texture and Color has color

2. Texture and Color can be both visually seen from human eyes

The main difference between color and texture:-

1. Color is not tangible (cannot be touch)

2. Texture MAY, or may not be tangible. (Imagine touching the rugged surface of a fair-faced sand bricks wall)

Interior design (noun) as a compositional effect from elements of space affects the user in a given space. 

The process of “affect” involves complex levels such as:-

1. psychology - Imagine being happy about seeing your room painted in your favorite color. Imagine feeling unsafe stepping into a slippery surface (texture) floor tile in your shower area.

2. biologically - Your appetite is affected by the color and texture of space associated with your mind and your culture.

3. emotionally - Imagine your feeling of working in a room entirely painted in black color. Imagine your feeling of working in your workplace stepping barefoot on the grass (texture).

4. spiritually

Color and texture are both important elements of space. They affect the experience of the user in space.

Both of them does not denote a bigger role than the other in general sense. It is case relative, and they can be equal or differ from one another from one project to another.